2014年职称英语理工类C级考试试题及答案解析(七)

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摘要

职称英语理工类 C 级考试试题及答案解析(七)

一、词汇选择(本大题 15 小题.每题 1.0 分,共 15.0 分。 下面共有 15 个句 子,每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的 4 个 选项中选择 1 个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。请将答案涂在答题卡相应 的位置上。) 第1题 Students are preferred to foster a reading habit during their childhood. A. teach B. include C. explore D. cultivate 【正确答案】:D 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] teach:教育、讲授;include:包含、包括;explore:探索、发现、 研究;cultivate:培养、培育、耕作,和 foster 同义。 第2题 The little girl trembled when she saw a big dog. A. ran B. cried C. shook D. wept 【正确答案】:C 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] tremble 和 shake 同义,颤抖、发抖;run:跑、奔、逃跑;cry:喊 叫、哭喊;weep:痛哭、哭泣、悲叹。 第3题
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Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree to which they can be deliberately controlled and modified. A. sufficiently B. noticeably C. intentionally D. absolutely 【正确答案】:C 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] deliberately 和 intentionally 同义:有意地、故意地; sufficiently:充分地、足够地;noticeably:显而易见地、明显地; absolutely:绝对地、完全地。 第4题 A beautiful woman attended to me in that store yesterday. A. waited on B. talked to C. spoke to D. stayed With 【正确答案】:A 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] attend to:照料,和 wait on(服侍、招待、拜访)意思相近;talk to 和 speak to 意思相同:与„„交谈、与„„谈话;stay with:与„„待在一 起。 第5题 Academic papers are often part of a university’s official file and can neither be returned to students nor duplicated. A. borrowed B. copied
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C. purchased D. destroyed 【正确答案】:B 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] duplicate 和 copy 都表示“复印、复制”;borrow:借入、借用; purchase:购买、购置;destroy:破坏、毁坏、消灭、摧毁。 第6题 The most pressing problem that any country faces is how to use its scarce natural resources. A. puzzling B. difficult C. terrifying D. urgent 【正确答案】:D 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] puzzling:让人疑惑的、费解的、令人感到莫名其妙的;difficult: 困难的、艰难的;terrifying:可怕的、极大的;urgent:急迫的、紧急的, 和 pressing 意思相同。 第7题 Chinese people tend to use plants to remedy disease. A. diagnose B. cure C. evaporate D. revise 【正确答案】:B 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】
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[解析] remedy 和 cure 都表示“治疗”;diagnose:诊断、找出毛病; evaporate:使„„蒸发、(像蒸汽般)消失;revise:修订、校对、修改。 第8题 Techniques to harness the energy of the sun are being developed. A. convert B. store C. utilize D. receive 【正确答案】:C 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] harness 和 utilize 都表示“利用、使用”;convert:使„转变、 使„„转化;store:贮藏、贮备、储存;receive:收到、接收、接待。 第9题 People don’t realize how serious this recession has actually been. A. know B. think C. doubt D. remember 【正确答案】:A 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] realize:意识到,和 know(知道、了解到、熟悉)意思相近;think: 认为、觉得;doubt:怀疑、疑惑、疑问;remember:回忆起、纪念。 第 10 题 Most chemical reactions of an organic compound involve only a few of its numerous atoms; the remainder stay unchanged. A. majority
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B. distribution C. rest D. stability 【正确答案】:C 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] remainder 和 rest 都表示“其余、其他”;majority:多数、半数以 上;distribution:分配物、分配;stability:稳定性、固定、牢固。 第 11 题 People can not understand the killer’s motive to commit murder. A. reason B. expectation C. argument D. target 【正确答案】:A 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] reason:理由、原因、动机,与原句中 motive 的意思相近; expectation:期望、展望、期待;argument:争论、辩论、论据;target:靶 子。 第 12 题 During the Second World War, all important resources in the U.S. were allocated by the federal government. A. distributed B. nationalized C. commandeered D. taxed 【正确答案】:A
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【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] allocate:分派、分配,和 distribute(分发、散布)意思相近; nationalize:国有化:commandeer:征募、霸占;tax:对„„征税、课税、 使负重担。 第 13 题 The minimum age of Chinese citizens who are eligible to vote is eighteen. A. encouraged B. enforced C. entitled D. expected 【正确答案】:C 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] encouraged:被鼓励的、受到鼓舞的;enforced:受强迫的、被迫的; entitled:授权的、有资格的,和句子中的 eligible 意思相同;expected:受 到期待的、被期望的、所预期的。 第 14 题 In a bullfight, it is movement, not the color, of subjects that arouses the bull. A. confuses B. excites C. scares D. diverts 【正确答案】:B 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

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[解析] arouse:引起、鼓励,和 excite(刺激、使兴奋、使激动)意思相近; confuse:使„„疑惑、使„„困惑不解、使„„糊涂;scare:惊吓、使„„ 害怕、威吓;divert:转移、转向。 第 15 题 The new students were surprised by what they saw on campus. A. moved B. touched C. shocked D. worried 【正确答案】:C 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

本题是常见形容词的考查。surprised 感到惊奇的;moved 感动的;touched 感 动的;shocked 吃惊的;worried 焦虑的,焦急的。 二、阅读判断(共 7 小题,共 7.0 分)阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了 7 个句 子,请根据短文的内答对每个句 11 双 l 出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息, 请在答题卡上把 A 涂黑;如果该句提供的是锋误信息,请在答题卡上把 B 涂 黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把 C 涂黑。 第1题 Will We Take Vacation in Spaces? When Mike Kelly first set out to build his own private space-ferry service, he figured his bread-and-butter business would be lofting (发射) satellites into high-Earth orbit. Now he thinks he may have figured wrong. People were always asking me when they could go, says Kelly, who runs Kelly Space & Technology out of San Bemardino, California. I realized that real market is in space tourism. According to preliminary market surveys, there are 10,000 would-bespace-tourists willing to spend $1 million each to visit the final frontier. Space Adventure in Arlington, Virginia, has taken more than 130 deposits for a two-hour, $98, 000 space tour tentatively and somewhat dubiously (可疑地) set to actor by 2005. Gene Meyers of the space Island Group says: Space is the next exotic (风光奇特的) vacation spot. This may all sound great, but there are a few hurdles (困难). Putting a simple satellite into orbit with no oxygen, life support or return trip necessary already costs an astronomical (天文数字的) $22,000/kg.
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And that doesn’t include the oust of insuring rich and possibly litigious passenger. John Pike of the Federation of American Scientists acerbically (尖刻地) suggests that the entire group of entrepreneurs trying to corner (垄断) the space-tourism market have between them just enough money to blow up one rocket. The U. S. space agency has plenty of money but zero interest in mailing space less expensive for the little guys. So the little guys are racing to do what the government has failed to do: design a reusable launch system that is inexpensive, safe and reliable. Kelly Space’s prototype looks like a plane that has sprouted rocket engines. Rotary Rocket in Redwood City, California, has a booster with rotors to make a helicopter-style return to Earth; Kistler Aero-space in Kirkland, Washington, is piecing together its versions from old Soviet engines, shuttle-style thermal protection tiles and an elaborate parachute system. The first passenger countdowns are still years away, but bureaucrats at the Federal Aviation Administration in Washington are already informally discussing flight regulations. After all, you can’t be too prepared, for a trip to that galaxy far, far away. For those who are intent on joining the 100-mile high club, Hilton and Budget are plotting to build space hotels. Before the Russian spaceship Mir came down, some people were talking about using it as a low-rent space hotel to reduce the cost. If a space hotel is finally built in space, and if you are thinking of staying in it, you may want to check the Michelin ratings before booking yourself a suite. Mike Kelly planned to turn his business of making bread and butter into a business that is engaged in space tourism. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【正确答案】:B 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] 理解第 1 段第 1 句的关键是 bread-and-butter,作为形容词,它的意 思是“基本的、日常的”,而不是“面包与黄油”。由此可见,Mike Kelly 的 初衷并不是投身于太空旅行,所以题干的说法是错误的。 第2题

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Kelly hoped to develop space tourism, which he thought would be a good market. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【正确答案】:A 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] 选 A 的依据是第 1 段最后一句话,这句话表明 Kelly 认识到真正的市场 是太空旅行,作为一个商人,他理所当然会致力于开发真正的市场。 第3题 Space Adventure in Arlington has taken 130 deposits totaling $98,000 for a two-hour space tour. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【正确答案】:B 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] 第 2 段第 2 句的意思是:每人交 100 万美元的定金,而不是总共 98000 美元,从这句话中可以看出历时两个小时的太空旅行计划在 2005 年,该旅行是 试验性的,并且在一定程度上令人质疑。因此题干的说法是错误的。 第4题 It sounds great that soon there will be space residence, although it is still a tentative plan. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
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【正确答案】:C 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] 文中没有提及与此相关的信息,文章只提及了太空旅行的相关情况及发 展前景,并未提及在太空定居。 第5题 Some of the hurdles space tourism faces include a lack of oxygen and life support equipment. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【正确答案】:B 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] 文章第 3 段讲的是太空旅行所面临的困难,但是并没有提及缺乏氧气和 维持生命的设备,而主要是花销太大,经费不足。 第6题 Little guys, who do not have plenty of money but have great interest in space tourism, are trying to make the space travel less expensive but more reliable. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 【正确答案】:A 【本题分数】:1.0 分
【答案解析】

[解析] 依据是第 3 段中的该句话:少数人在争相做政府未做成功的事情,即设 计一套可以再度使用的廉价、安全、可靠的发射系统。 第7题
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