高考英语考纲重点词汇用法总结

2019-11-2606:23:39 发表评论
摘要高考英语考纲重点词汇用法总结rnn名词pron代词adj形容词adv副词v动词vi不vt及物动词prep介词conj连词interj感叹词A1ableunableabilityndisablevt使残废disabledadj残废的2aboutbeabouttodosth即将做3above---belowover---under4acceptAasB把A当作B接受接纳cfreceive5accidentaccidentaladj偶然的;偶发的bychance偶然地6achenvitoothachebackacheheadache7across---throughacrosstheworld=allovertheworld8actvnactionnactiveadjactivelyadvactivityn活动actas扮演;充当beactivein=takeanactivepartin积极参加actout表演出9actualadjactuallyadv事实上10addvadditionnadditionaladj附加的;额外的addtosth增强addAtoB把A加到B上去addup把加起来adduptosth合计为;意思是inaddition=what’smore=besides而且11admirevtadmirationnadmirernsbforsth因钦佩某人inadmiration钦佩地12admitvt承认;录取admitdoingsth录取13advancevadvancedadj先进的;高级的in=aheadoftime提前14adviceunadvisevtgivesbadviceonsthadvisesbtodosthadvisedoingsthcfadvise与persuade15affairn事物familyforeignloves16affordvtcantodosth17afraidadjI’msonot恐怕是这样不是这样。18AfricanAfricannadjAsia---AsianAmerica---AmericanAustralia---AustralianAustria---Austrian奥地利人(的)19againand=overandover=timeandagain反复地once=oncemore=又一次20threeyearsago(一般过去时)threeyearsbefore(过去完成时)21agreevtagreementn协议agreeableadj可爱的tosth同意某事onsth(经讨论)达成共识withsb同意某人cometoarriveatreachanagreement达成协议22agriculturenagriculturaladjindustry---industrial23aimnvat瞄准;意思是24aliveadj表语形容词eatsthburysbcatchsbCfliving活着的live现场直播的lively活泼的25airninthe在空中onthe在播出by乘飞机26allowvtallowancen补助金;补贴sbtodosthdoingsthfor考虑到;酌量Smokingisnotedhere27almostadv几乎可接否定词nearlyadv(不接否定词)28aloneadjadv独自的;单独的lonelyadj寂寞的;孤独的29alongadvprepall=allthetime一直30althoughconj虽然;尽管thoughconj虽然;尽管thoughadv尽管如此(句末)31angernangryadjhungernhungryadj32announcevtannouncementnmakeanannouncement33anotherprononeafter=onebyoneanotherthreechairs=threemoreotherchairs34alwaysadvforgoodever永远Heistalkinginclass反感Heisaskingcleverquestions赞扬__35answernvthetothequestioninto响应;回答thedoorphoneletterfor=beresponsiblefor为负责36anxiousadj急切的;焦虑的anxietynbetodosth迫切要去做beabout=worryaboutbeworriedabout担心Heistootoleavethelonelyislandtooto与anxious连用不表示否定37any常用在否定句、疑问句、条件句中Cometomeifyouhaveanyquestionno=notany全否Hehasnobrothers=Hehasnotanybrothers38apologizeapologisev道歉apologyntosbfordoingsth=makeanapologytosbfordoingsth因某事向某人道歉39arguev辩论;说服argumentnwithsbaboutsthcfdebatequarrel__carrysthinone’ss抱着ssale军火销售bearmedtotheteeth武装到牙齿41armyn军队;群anofants一大群蚂蚁42arrivevi到达arrivalnataconclusion得出结论atanagreement达成协议atinspcfreachvtmevi43artnartistnartisticadj艺术的artificialadj人工的;人造的fines美术44articlen文章;件anofclothingfurniture45asprep作为workserveactbefamoususeABacceptregardtreatconsiderthinkoflookattakeAB把A当作Bitis事实上mistakeAB误以为A是Basconj按照;像DanceIshowedyouasconj随着;一边一边Astimegoesby_hehascometoloveNingboashissecondhometownHeusuallydoeshishomeworkhelistenstomusicasconj虽然;尽管(倒装语序)Cleveryouare_youhavetoworkhardertofulfillyourdreamFastyourun_youcan’tcatchmeup=Runyoumay_youcan’tcatchmeup=Fastrunneryouare_youcan’tcatchmeupasconj像一样HeisbusyabeeHedidthejobwellBobdidFanWZhaoBenshanPeterisnotsotallasBillasconj由于aspron引导定语从句IwillbuysuchapenyouareusingIstudyinthesameschoolMaryHereissobigastoneasnoonecanliftcfHereissobigastonethatnoonecanliftit46ashamedadj羞愧的beof对感到羞愧47askvsbforsth向某人要AafterB向A问候Bfortrouble自寻烦恼sbtodosthtodosthtobedoneabout询问;打听48asleepadjfall=gotosleep入睡(动作)be=sleep睡着(状态)befast睡得香甜49assistvt帮助assistancenassistantn助手anassistantprofessor副教授50attackvnbeunder遭到攻击anair空袭51attemptnv努力;尝试todosth=makeantodosthinantodosth努力尝试去做52attendv出席;照顾attendantn服务员tosbsth照料;从事;处理53attentionnattentiveadj注意力集中的paytosth注意drawsb’stosth吸引某人的注意力(到)__54attractvt吸引attractiveadj有吸引力的;迷人的attractionn吸引(人的人或物)beattractivetosb吸引某人beattractedtosth被吸引55averagenadj平均的onthe平均(来说)abovebelowthe在一般平均以上下56awakeadj醒着的v醒来(awokeawokeawakedawaked)B1badadjworseworstfromtoworse每况愈下go变质Not还好2badlyadvbeill得了needsth急需beoff生活较差3baggageun行李(=luggage)4balloonn气球5bargainv讨价还价n讨价还价;便宜货areal便宜货6basen基地;基础vt以为基础AonBA以B为基础依据bedon以为基础7bathn洗浴bathevbebathedinthesunshine沐浴在阳光之中8bearvt忍受;承受boreborn-borneHecan’tbeinglookeddownuponHewasborninShanghaiTheyhavebornethreechildren9beatv打;击败(beatbeaten)10beautynbeautifuladjbeautifullyadvbeautifyvt美化11becomebecamebecomelinkv系动词12becauseof=onaccountof=owingtoprep由于ShecriedbecauseofwhatIhadsaidaboutherwork13bedngotocollegechurchcourthospital零冠词强调动作beincollegechurchcourthospital强调状态makethe14begv乞讨;哀求beggingbeggedbeggarn乞丐sbforsthgoging去乞讨15beginbeganbegunvbeginningbeginner初学者Wellbegun_halfdone良好的开端成功的一半。__towith首先=firstofallinthebeginningatthebeginningof16believevtbeliefn信仰;信念17bendbentbentv弄弯oversth伏在上面bebentover一心想做18besidesprepadv除了(以外)BEnglish_westudyfiveothersubjectsIdon’tlikefootball_theweatheristoohot=what’smoreinaddition__allthebestwishes祝好20betterbeoff富裕beworseoff贫困had=mightaswell最好He’dcomeearlier_hadn’theBetterlatethennever21beyondprep在以外ThebeautyoftheWestLakeisdescriptionSorryThisismypower22billn帐单footthe埋单23biologyn生物学biologicaladj生物学的biologistn生物学家24birthnbirthdaybirthplaceatbirth天生giveto生育25bitebitbitbittenv咬Neverbiteoffmorethanyoucanchew要量力而行。26blamevt责备betofordoingsth因而应受责备sbfordoingsth因而责备Don’tthechildforthebrokenglassItwasmyfaultIwonderwhoistoforthebrokenglass=Iwonderwhotoforthebrokenglass27bloodn血bloodyadj血腥的bleedv流血ableedingnoseabloodywar28blowblewblownv吹up爆炸sthup把炸毁away把吹走29boilvboilingwater在沸腾的水boiledwater沸水boilinghot超热30bonenbonyadj瘦骨嶙峋的=skinny31brainn大脑brains智力IfonlyIhadyours!32bottomn底部fromtheofone’sheart发自内心衷心地fromtopto从顶到底Bup!干杯!33braveadjbravelyadvbraveryn34breakbrokebrokenvdown出故障;破除up破坏;解散;开垦intosp闯入;侵占thelawrule违反one’spromise食言awayof脱离forthout爆发off折断;突然中断open撬开with与断交cn休息takehavea35breathnbreathevbath---bathebreathlessadj上气不接下气的holdone’s屏住呼吸loseone’s上气不接下气动作beoutof上气不接下气(状态)catcha喘口气breatheone’slast死36bringbroughtbroughtvtsbup抚养sthup呕吐提出bringsthforward提出37BritainnBritishadjtheGreatBritain大不列颠38broadadj宽阔的abroadadv在国外aboardadv在船(飞机、火车等)上broadenvt拓宽__39broadcastbroadcastbroadcastvt广播sthlive现场直播Cfcastcastcastforecastforecastforecast40buildbuiltbuiltvt建造;建设buildingnup建造AintoB把A建成B41burnburntburntvsthup烧光sthtotheground=sthdown夷为平地It’singhot42burstvt爆发;爆炸sthup=blowsthup炸掉intotearslaughtercheersoutcryinglaughingcheeringinto闯入forth=out=breakforth=breakout爆发43buryvt埋葬burialn葬礼sbalive活埋44busyadjbusinessnBusinessisbusiness公事公办Businessbeforepleasure先干正事后娱乐beindoingsth=bebusywithsthgotosponbusiness到出差getdowntobusiness开始干正事__45butconjButmenos不要辩解。butfor要不是因为thelastlinebuttwo倒数第二行46butchern屠夫gotothe’s去肉店47buttern黄油48buyboughtboughtvt我才不信呢。49byprep乘坐bustrainplaneshipairseawaterlandoninatraininaplaneC1callvnfor请求;要求;需要;呼吁atsp参观onsb访问off取消out大声叫喊forth唤起;鼓起(勇气等)callonsbtodosth号召2campv宿营n帐篷gocamping去宿营3capitaln资本;首都capitalismn资本主义capitalistn资本主义者adj资本主义的4carevfor喜爱;关心;照管about关心;顾虑carentakeof照料;照看take当心;保重undertheof在的照料下with=carefully小心地;慎重地5carpetn地毯6carrotn胡萝卜7caryyvtsthinone’sarms抱着sthonone’sback背着sthinone’shands捧着sthinone’shand拿着sthout实施;执行away带走;冲昏的头脑sthon继续下去through坚持到底__9casen情况;案例;病历;箱子in万一(可单独使用也可接句子)inof万一接名词、代词、动名词等__TakeanumbrellainTakeanumbrellainofrainTakeanumbrellainitraininitshould万一rain10n城堡aintheair空中楼阁11catchcaughtcaughtvt抓住sb=upwithsb追上catchsightof突然看到holdof突然抓住__acold得感冒sb’sattentioneye吸引的注意力sbdoingsthbecaughtinarain遭遇风雨等becaughtinbetweenthetrees卡在树中12ceilingn天花板13celebratev庆祝celebrationnone’sbirthdayChristmasEasterNewYear’sDay=markobservekeep14centercentren中心;中部centraladj15centuryn世纪thetwelfth16certainadjlyadvcertaintyn确定性Itisthathewillmakeit=Heissuretomakeitbesureabout对确信17chainn链条;锁链ashop连锁店asmoker连续吸烟者18chairn椅子chairman主席;书记;懂事长chairwomanchairpersonTheiscomfortableto19un粉笔apieceof20chancen机会by偶然takeone’s碰运气;冒险Chancesarethathewillwin=Possiblyhewillwin21changevn变化turnAintoB把A变成Btrainsplanesclothes换车、飞机、衣服forthebetterworse边得更好坏with随着而变化oneself=getd换衣服GreatshavetakenplaceinChinasincethereformandopeningupin197922chargev收费;控告;冲锋smsbforsthHedme$10forthebooksbwithdoingsthHewasdofsealingbooksfromthenewsstandn主管;收费;控告;冲锋inof主管intheof由主管freeof免费的23cheapadj便宜的abuy便宜货24checkn检查;控制;支票chequeamoney汇票v检查;控制one’stears控制住眼泪in入住宾馆进入商场等outup核对;检查__25chiefadj主要的;首要的CEO=chiefexecutiveofficerin主要地;尤其aneditor-in-总编acommander-in-总司令26chimneyn烟囱27choicen选择havenobuttodosth=havetodosth只好;不得不adj精选的afriend好朋友__28choosechosechosenv选择todosthcannotbutdosth=havenochoicebuttodosth只好;不得不__29churchn教堂goto做礼拜(动作)beinz在做礼拜(状态)agoer信教者30cigarn雪茄cigaretten香烟注:-ette是表示―小‖的后缀,如case_cassette。31cineman电影院gotothetheatrehotel32circlen圆圈insThebeesdanceins33citizenn市民;国民citizenshipn国籍seniors老年人34clapvn拍(手)35classn课;班级;阶级;等级world-classadj世界级的first-classadj一级的ClassA最高级的inafterbeforehavees听课36cleanadj干净的;asweep完胜;全胜vt弄干净cleanup扫除;收拾干净cleaningn扫除擦givespathoroughspringcleaning大扫除37clearadj清晰的;明亮的;(头脑)清醒的beabout对明了makeitthat弄清楚;使人明白vt使干净;清除off清除;消散up整顿up放晴38cleveradj聪明的bequickgoodexpertskilfulat擅长39clinicn医务所40clockn钟表aroundthe=24hoursaday全天地41closeadj近的;亲密的closelyadv密切地;亲密地betosth靠近beathand迫近v关闭down关闭;封闭ZhangFeilikedsleepingwithhiseyesclosed42clothun布料apieceof一块布料cn有特殊用途的布,如桌布、擦脚布等__clothingun衣服的总称apieceanarticleofclothing一件衣服sugar-clothedpills糖衣药片43cloudn云cloudyadj多云的Soontheslifted云很快散去了。44clubn俱乐部jointhe45astn海岸coastline海岸线46ffeen咖啡煮咖啡沏茶blackwhite47inn硬币head正面tail反面Everycoinhastwosides48ldnadj冷(的)leavesbinthe疏远某人throwwateron泼冷水;不赞成catcha得感冒(动作)havea感冒状态49llarn衣领white-blue-pink-golden-gray-50llegen大学goto上大学(动作)bein在上大学(状态)51lourcolorn颜色colourfulcolorfuladj色彩斑斓的52mbn梳子tombn坟墓bombn炸弹53mecamecomevi来about发生across偶遇along一道来;进步~at袭击back回来;恢复backtolife苏醒down降落;跌落;病倒for来取(物);来接(人)intobeing产生;出现intoexistence成立;出现intoforce开始生效、实行intooffice上任intopower上台;掌握政权intouse开始得以使用off脱落out出来;长出;出版;显现to苏醒toaconclusion告一段落;得出结论tosstop停下来tolight现露出来tooneself苏醒过来totermswithsb与某人妥协tothepoint说到要点true实现up走近;上升;流行uptosth到达;符合(标准);不辜负(期望)upwith提出whatmay不管发生什么from来自54mfortvtn安慰comfortableadj55mmonadj共同的;常见的in共有的aroom56mmunen公社communismn共产主义communistnadj共产主义者的socialismn社会主义capitalismn资本主义feudalismn封建主义57mpanioncn伴侣;伙伴58mpanyn;伙伴keepsb给某人做伴inwithsb和某人在一起keepwithsb与某人交往__59mparev比较comparisonn比较comparativeadj比较的AwithB把A与B比较AtoB把A比作Bincomparisonwith与比较ComparedwithShanghai_Beijingisimportantpolitically60mpleteadj完全的vt完成completionn完成61mpositionn作文;作曲composevt写作;作曲Youriswellwrittenexceptforsomespellingmistakes62mputern电脑PC=personal63mraden同志a-in-arm战友64ncertn音乐会65nditionn条件conditionaladj有条件的unconditionaladj无条件的onthat接句子如果onof接名词和动名词等onno决不livingworkingstudyings生活工作学习条件环境in状况良好outof状况不好66nductorn导体;乘务员67ngratualtevt祝贺congratulationnsbondoingsth因而祝贺某人oneselfonsth庆幸68nnectvt连接connectionnAwithB把A和B连接起来beedwith与有关;与连着69nsidervt认为;考虑considerationn考虑considerateadj体贴人的;体谅人的AasB认为A为Bdoingsth打算takesthintoconsideration考虑到CharlesBabbageisgenerallyedtohaveinventedthecomputer=ItisedthatCharlesBabbageinventedthecomputerItisconsiderateofyoutohavebroughtsomuchfood70ntainvt包含;含有containern容器71ntentnadj满足的I’mwithmysalaryHe’stostayinthepresentjobvt使感到满足Asthereisnocream_wehavetoourselveswithblackcoffeen(复数)目录;内容72ntinentn大陆;大洲continentaladj大陆的continentalclimate大陆性气候73ntinuev继续continuousadj连续不断的continualadj频频的;时断时续的todosth=doingsthThestoryistobed未完待续74ntrolnv控制__keepgetunder控制住loseof失去对的控制75nvenientadj方便的conveniencen方便Itisformetogetthemilkfromthegroceryshop76nversationn交谈conversationaladj口头的conversationalEnglish=spokenEnglish77okn厨师v烹调;烹饪cookien甜饼dosomecooking78pyn拷贝;相同书、报、杂志等的份_本_册vt抄写;抄袭acat只会模仿的人79rnun玉米;谷物cn谷粒80rnercn角落intheofontheofattheofaroundthe即将到来81rrectadj正确的vt改正纠正矫正thepapers批改试卷82stcostcostvt花费使丧失HowmuchWhatdoesthebookThecarelessnessus$1_000n成本;花消;代价attheof以为代价atalls不惜任何代价countfor有价值underthecounter非法地takeupcourage鼓起勇气coverone’stracks掩盖证据__fromcovertocover自始至终crossoff划掉crossup欺骗inone’scup醉酒becuriousabout对…好奇customs海关damage―损坏‖不可数damages―赔偿费‖可数__beinthedark被蒙在鼓里uptodate及时的dayindayout日复一日deadend死胡同deadly致命的deadline最终期限puttodeath处死declarewar宣战indeepwater在困境中madeadefense做防御bydegrees逐渐地withoutdelay毫不拖延__takeadelightin以…为乐indemand有需求adepartmentstore百货商店havedesignon对…别有用心beyondone’sdepth超出…的理解力devoteoneselfto致力于dieaway平息diamondcutdiamond强中更有强中手makeadifference有影响eatdirt忍辱getintodifficulties陷入困境dirtyone’shands干不正当的事alongdistancecall长途电话inthedistance在远处dogeatdog互相残杀givetothedogs无用而扔掉leadadog’slife过苦难生活__worklikeadog拼命干fromdoortodoor挨门挨户showapersonthedoor下逐客令shutthedoorto拒之不见beyonddoubt毫无疑问withoutdoubt毫无疑问comedownonaperson责备__comedowntobusiness认真谈论正事downtotheground完全地downunder在世界另一边hitamanwhenhe’sdown打落水狗letapersondown见死不救putsthdown铲除;停止sendapersondown开除某人shoutapersondown拒绝听某人讲话drawabreadon攻击drawaconclusion得出结论drawaside拉到一边drawback不信守诺言drawoff撤退dressdown责备dressup打扮drinkdeep大量饮酒drinkhard痛饮drinkin倾听;欣赏drinkto为…干杯drinkup喝干driveapersonintoacorner逼入绝境driveout赶出去dropacross偶遇dropin顺便拜访drygoods干货driedmilk奶粉dryup干涸dryer烘干机aduck’segg零分likeaducktowater自热地;如鱼得水dueadj到期的Whenistherentdue合适的Respectisduetoolderpeople应到的;预期的Whenisthesteamerdue这船预定何时到?__由于;起因Hisabsencewasduetothestorm__IncorrectHefellduetohismistakeCorrectHisfallwasduetohismistakeIncorrectDuetothestorm_hewaslateCorrectBecauseofthestorm_hewaslatedueto一般不用于句首dull枯燥的;阴郁的;不锐利的;愚蠢的IncorrectDuringIwassick_Icouldn’teatwellCorrectWhileIwassick_Icouldn’teatwellduring其后不要接从句dust灰尘beinthedust受屈辱makeadust引起骚动offduty下班onduty值班IncorrectI’meagertosuccessCorrectI’meagerforsuccess=I’meagertosucceedbeallears倾听turnadeafearto对…根本不听haveanearfor有对…的鉴赏能力inone’searlythirties30岁出头keepearlyhours早睡早起__earnone’sliving谋生onearth究竟comebacktoearth重返现实easiersaidthandone说得容易做得难eatone’swords食言eatout在外吃饭eatup吃光edge边;缘;刀刃;comeintoeffect有效;生效ofnoeffect没有作用makeaneffort努力sparenoeffort不遗余力putallone’seggsinonebasket孤注一掷teachone’sgrandmothertosuckeggs班门弄斧orelse否则;要不然outofemploy失业employee雇工;职员employer雇工enclose随信寄来cometoanend结束makeendsmeet收支相抵putanendto结束endin以…告终endupwith结束enterfor报名参加entrancefee入场费equalto等于;能胜任equipwith用…装备起来trialanderror反复试验inthatevent如果那样intheeventof万一quiteanevent重要大事IncorrectEveryoneofthebooksisbrokenCorrectEveryoneofthebooksisbrokeneveryone不可与of结构连用。Everyone只能代表人,而everyone可代表人,也可代表物。IncorrectEveryoneshoulddoexerciseseverydayCorrectEveryoneshoulddoexerciseeveryday作为―运动‖讲,exercise是不可数名词;而当―练习体操‖或―练习‖来讲则是可数名词。例如:Wedoalotofexercisesintheclassonexhibition展出1existv存在existencen存在comeintoexistencebeing形成2expectv料想,希望expectationnexpectsbsthexpectsbtodosthexpectthat…beyondone’sexpectations出乎意料livecomeuptoone’sexpectations不辜负,符合…的期待3expensiveadj昂贵的expensenattheexpensecostof以…为代价sparenoexpense不惜一切代价livingschoolexpenses生活费学费__4experiencenv经历(可数);经验(不可数)experiencedadj有经验的5experimentnv实验experimentaladj实验的carryoutconductdoanexperiment做实验__6.explainv解释explanationn7explorev探险,调查8exploitv开采,剥削9expressv表达,快递,快车expressiveadj意味深长的expressionn表情10extraadvadjn额外的extraordinary非同寻常的11extremelyadv极其地,非常extremeadjn极其,极端F1facenvfacialadjfacetoface面对面makeafacemakefaces扮鬼脸facethedangerdifficulty面对危险应付困难befacedwiththedifficulty面临困难inthefaceof面临;不顾__2factnasamatteroffactinfactactually事实上3failvtvifailuren失败;失败的人或事failtodosth没做成succeedindoingsth做成,成功__4fairlyadv相当地多与褒义词连用,5faithn信念keephavelosefaithin…忠实的6fallvnfallasleep入睡fallill生病fallinlovewith…爱上fallsilent沉寂下来Pridegoesbeforeafall骄兵必败7falseadj假的trueadj真的8familiaradj熟悉的befamiliarwith…对…熟悉befamiliartosb为某人所熟悉9famousadj=well-knownbefamouswell-knownfor因…而出名作为…而出名befamouswell-knowntosb为某人所熟知比较:forhisTheoryofRelativity__topeopleallovertheworld10faradjfarther_furtherfarthest_furthest深造你还有什么要说的吗?远离…farfrom非sofar到目前为止(与现在完成时连用)byfar显然地;很soasfaras远到;就…而言(asfarasIknown=asfarasIamconcerned)farmuchrathertoo+adj实在太,过于far+adj比较级…得多11fastadjadvfast迅速地;指运动的物体和运行的速度quickly快;强调立刻行动,毫不迟疑12favourn帮助;偏爱favouriteadjninfavorof喜欢,赞成dosbafavor帮忙13fearnv害怕fearfuladj可怕的beinfearof害怕forfearofsththat+句子生怕,以免14feathern羽毛Birdsofafeatherflocktogether物以类聚,人以群分15feedvtvifed_fed喂养,饲养feedon(牛,马等)吃…feed…onwith…喂(动物)饲料16feelvfelt_felt感觉feellikesthdoingsth喜欢;觉得好像17fevern发烧runhaveafever18fierceadj凶猛的;猛烈的;强烈的激烈的afiercetigerstormeffortcompetition19fightnvtvifought_fought战斗fightforagainstwith20figurenv数字;身材;图形;人物;算出;认为figureout算出,想出21fillv充满fillintheblanktheform…填(空表格…)befilledupwith充满,填满22finaladjn最后的决赛sfinallyadv=eventually=atlast=intheend最后23fingern手指toe脚趾thethumb---拇指theindexfirstfingertheforefinger---食指themiddlefinger---中指thethirdringfinger无名指thelittlefinger小指24firmadjadvn牢固的;公司firmlyadv25firstfirstofall首先,第一atfirst起先,开始inthefirstplace首先thefirsttime可直接引导时间状语从句(同immediately_instantly_directly_themoment_theinstant_assoonas…)ItThisisthefirsttimethat…26fitvadjnfitsbsth适合(强调大小尺寸合身)区别:suitsb趣味方面适合;形状、颜色等其他方面协调一致)__fitinwith与…相适应,与…相协调befitsuitableforto合适keepfit保持健康27fixv固定;专注于;修理(up)fixone’sattentionone’seyesonupon…把注意力目光集中于…28flashnv闪光;闪烁inaflash一瞬间fleshn肉,肉体fleshandblood血肉freshadj新鲜的__29followv跟随;遵守(theruleone’sadvisethefashionone’sexample)asfollows如下30fondadj喜欢的befondof=beinto…喜欢31foolnv傻瓜;愚弄foolishadj愚蠢的makeafoolofsb愚弄某人AllFools’DayAprilFools’Day愚人节32forbidvforbade_forbidden禁止(反义allowpermit)forbidallowpermitadvisesbsthforbidallowpermitadvisesbtodosthfordidallowpermitadvisesb’sdoingsthforbidadvisethatsbshoulddosth33forcenv暴力;强迫byforce以武力comeintoforceeffect开始有效(实施)carryputintoforcepractice把…实施forcesbtodosth=forcesbintodoingsth强迫某人做某事34forgetvforgot_forgottenforgettodosth忘记去做某事forgetdoingsth忘记曾经做过某事35foreignadj国外的foreignern外国人36forgivevforgave_forgiven原谅,宽恕forgivenessnforgivesbsthforgivesbfordoingsth37forkn叉aknifeandfork一副刀叉(谓语动词用单数)38formn形式intheformof以…的形式39fortnightn两个星期40fortunateadj幸运的(lucky)unfortunateadv不幸的unluckyfortunatelyadv幸运地luckilyunfortunatelyadv不幸unluckilyfortunen幸运,命运;财富misfortune不幸41forwardadvvadv向前方(反:backward)lookforwardtodoingsth期待,盼望42foundv建立foundationn43fountainn喷泉44freevadjadv使自由;自由的;免费的;有空的freedomnfreelyadvsetfree释放befreetodosth随意做某事(befreeofsth)forfree免费地(freeofcharge)freesbfromoffrom有免除之意,of有救济之意__死__46FrenchmanplFrenchmenEnglishmanplEnglishmenChineseplChineseJapaneseplJapaneseGermanplGermansAmericanplAmericans47frequentadj频繁的frequentlyadv48friendn朋友反:enemyfriendshipn友谊friendlyadj友好的makefriendswithsb与…交朋友Afriendindeedisafriendinneed患难见知己49frightenn使害怕frightenedadj惊吓的,害怕的befrightenedafraidtodosthbefrightenedafraidofdoingsth50fromfromnowon从今往后fromthenon从那时起51frontnadj前面,前部,前线;前面的,前部的infrontof在某一物以外的前面inthefrontof在某物本身内部范围内的靠前部分52fueln燃料addfueltothefireflame火上加油53fulladj满的_充分的fullyadv完全地,全部地befullof充满tothefull完全的makefulluseof=makethemostbestof充分利用54funn不可数玩笑,乐趣,有趣的事或人funnyadj滑稽的Whatfunitistohaveabathinthesunshineinsuchhotweather!makefunof开玩笑,嘲笑forinfun开玩笑地__55furnituren不可数家具anpiecesetarticleoffurniture56futurenadj未来infuture从今以后inthefuture将来G1gainvnPainpastispleasure苦尽甘来Nopains_nogainsNopainswithoutgains不劳无获2garagen车库3gatherv反:scattergatheroneself振作起来4gayadjn快乐的;男同性恋5generaladjn大体的,一般的generallyadvingeneral就一般而言asageneralrule一般而言;通常__generallyspeaking一般说来6generationn代generationgap代沟passdownfromgenerationtogeneration代代相传7gentleadj温柔的,亲切的gentlyadvgentlemanplgentlemen绅士8geographyn地理9getvgetalongonwith进展,相处getaway逃脱,离开getback回来,恢复,取回getdown下来;记下;使情绪低落getin进来;收(庄稼)(getdowntodoingsth开始认真干某事)getoff从火车、汽车、船、飞机、马上下来(从出租车或小车下来用getoutof);脱下getit明白geton登上车、船、飞机等;进展getover越过,克服getridof处理,去掉getthrough穿过,完成,拨通gettogether聚集getup起床,站起来,化装10giftn礼物,天赋,轻而易举之事haveagiftfor有…的天赋11givevgiveback归还_回来(=return)giveaway赠送,泄露,出卖givein投降,屈服giveup放弃giveoff发出(蒸汽,光等)giveover沉湎于(giveoneselfover);交出,让给giveout分发;分配;发表;用完;筋疲力尽;发出,放出__givewayto让位于…让步于…givebirthto生12gladadj高兴的begladataboutsthbegladofsthtodosththat…13glancenv瞥见atagalane一眼,乍见之下takeaglanceat看…一眼14glassn玻璃(不可数);玻璃杯(可数);眼镜(可数)15globen地球,地球仪globaladj地球的;全球的16gloven手套17gonvonthego忙碌haveagotry试一下goaboutsthdoingsth开始…goafter追求goagainst违背,对不利goallouttodosth全力…goaway离开goback回去__goby过去_逝去gofor出去(散步等);设法得到);喜欢goon继续;举行;进展goonwellwithsb与某人相处(好)goout出去,熄灭,落伍goover复习,仔细查看gothrough通过,经历,仔细看gowith…与…配__18goaln目标19goatn山羊__Godblessyou!上帝保佑你!MyGod!天哪!Godknowsthat…天知道…21goldnadj金子;金的_金制的goldenadj金黄色的22goodadjngoodnessn良好,长处begoodat擅长begoodfor对…有好处asgoodas几乎agooddealof很多(修饰不可数)agoodmany很多(修饰可数)dogoodharmtosb对…有好处坏处(=dosbgoodharm)goodand+adj=niceand+adjadv非常It’snogoodnousedoingsth做…没好处做…没用23goodsn货品(无单数形式,做主语配用复数谓语动词)24gooseplgeese鹅25governmentn政府governn统治,管理governorn洲长,总督26graduallyadv慢慢地gradualadj慢慢的27graduatevn毕业;毕业生graduationn毕业graduatefrom从…毕业28grainn谷物(不可数)29grammarn语法G1greatadjgreatlyadv2Greekn希腊adj希腊的_希腊人的3greengreen—eyedadj嫉妒的greenbeltbegreenatone’sjob无经验的4greetvtgreettheNewYearn『c』greetingaNewYear~5greygrayadj灰色的,灰白色6groundgroundfloor(英)底楼downtothe~彻底的7group8growgrew_grownvi生长,发育linkv渐渐变成~olddark~up长大~outof源自于…__9.guardn士兵v保卫,守卫nguarder守卫者,看守员11guestn12guiden导游,指南,入门atraveler’s~a~toItalyv引导,指导,领导~sbtoaplace~sbinoutupguidedmissile导弹13gunH1habitnbeinthea~ofdoingsthhavethea~ofdoingsth有……的习惯formfallintogetintothea~of养成……的习惯getsbintothe~of让某人养成……的习惯getoutofa~戒除★Habitissecondnature习惯成自然2.hairnmakeone’shairstandonend令人毛骨悚然haircutn理发3.halfnhalfanhour=ahalfhouroneandahalfhours=onehourandahalfCutitinhalf对半分half–heartedadj半心半意的4.halltheGreathallofthePeople人民大会堂5.hamn火腿aham一只火腿asliceofham一片火腿6.hammern锤ahammerandsickle锤子和镰刀7.handnvnhandinhandagreenhand生手thehourhand时针atfirsthandatsecondhand直接间接athand即将到来,就在手边Theexaminationsareathandbyhand用手工ontheonehand…ontheother一方面,另一方面shakehandswithsb=shakesbbythehandnhandshake握手Handsoff不许摸,不许干涉handsup举起手来vhandin上交handout分发handpassdownon传下去8.handkerchiefplhandkerchiefsorhandkerchieveshand+kerchief方头巾=handkerchief手帕9handsomeadjahandsomeman10hangvhang--hung--hung悬挂hangone’sheadinshame含羞低头挂在墙上的画不可用hunghanged绞死Hewashangedformurder11happenvi偶然发生sthhappentosbSbhappentodosthtobedoingsthtohavedonesthIthappensthat…恰巧,碰巧12.unhappyadjunhappilyadvunhappinessnliveleadahappylife13.hardadjadvhard—workingadj*几乎不hardshipn苦难gothroughhardship14.hardlyhardlyscarcely……when……nosooner……than……15harvest收获nagoodbadharvestvharvestgetincrops__

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